PING.EXE

  • File Path: C:\windows\system32\PING.EXE
  • Description: TCP/IP Ping Command

Hashes

Type Hash
MD5 A41659711F3B9B48AFBA65BCD5C8C4E2
SHA1 BFFC28401D8E1FDCB634434330BC8C1E221AAE62
SHA256 A510579A207C53BA35EF3551D2D62CFD9FE0E9D7F13C1DD6BEB8CED0D7F1154E
SHA384 909593D3E144D947C31DE0B0BAFA6EED2AFC950A882FF6C196B49C239682342B6F76DAF1C5FECF46C41C7605E1D7D557
SHA512 868FA38CF8FE6BEC9C59135B0A0425E4F2B079FAAB145F50533C048C1531286035AE2FF6EC2F52127B078EF8178211DDCDC741D72E78FEC54F6B440B19CA4593
SSDEEP 384:WPq7wf2cDzAK2IPOfwg/qaG7W3127r6lDXocT2sWjlW:WyafAK2IPojI7sY6lDYcT8

Signature

  • Status: The file C:\windows\system32\PING.EXE is not digitally signed. You cannot run this script on the current system. For more information about running scripts and setting execution policy, see about_Execution_Policies at http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=135170
  • Serial: ``
  • Thumbprint: ``
  • Issuer:
  • Subject:

File Metadata

  • Original Filename: ping.exe.mui
  • Product Name: Microsoft Windows Operating System
  • Company Name: Microsoft Corporation
  • File Version: 6.3.9600.16384 (winblue_rtm.130821-1623)
  • Product Version: 6.3.9600.16384
  • Language: English (United States)
  • Legal Copyright: Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

Possible Misuse

The following table contains possible examples of PING.EXE being misused. While PING.EXE is not inherently malicious, its legitimate functionality can be abused for malicious purposes.

Source Source File Example License
sigma win_malware_qbot.yml CommandLine: '* /c ping.exe -n 6 127.0.0.1 & type *' DRL 1.0
sigma win_multiple_suspicious_cli.yml - ping.exe DRL 1.0
sigma win_susp_ping_hex_ip.yml - '\ping.exe 0x' DRL 1.0
sigma win_susp_ping_hex_ip.yml - 'ping.exe' DRL 1.0
sigma sysmon_suspicious_remote_thread.yml - '\ping.exe' DRL 1.0
signature-base spy_regin_fiveeyes.yar $a7=”ping.exe” wide CC BY-NC 4.0

Additional Info*

*The information below is copied from MicrosoftDocs, which is maintained by Microsoft. Available under CC BY 4.0 license.


ping

Applies to: Windows Server (Semi-Annual Channel), Windows Server 2019, Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012

Verifies IP-level connectivity to another TCP/IP computer by sending Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) echo Request messages. The receipt of corresponding echo Reply messages are displayed, along with round-trip times. ping is the primary TCP/IP command used to troubleshoot connectivity, reachability, and name resolution. Used without parameters, this command displays Help content.

You can also use this command to test both the computer name and the IP address of the computer. If pinging the IP address is successful, but pinging the computer name isn’t, you might have a name resolution problem. In this case, make sure the computer name you are specifying can be resolved through the local Hosts file, by using Domain Name System (DNS) queries, or through NetBIOS name resolution techniques.

[!NOTE] This command is available only if the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) is installed as a component in the properties of a network adapter in Network Connections.

Syntax

ping [/t] [/a] [/n <count>] [/l <size>] [/f] [/I <TTL>] [/v <TOS>] [/r <count>] [/s <count>] [{/j <hostlist> | /k <hostlist>}] [/w <timeout>] [/R] [/S <Srcaddr>] [/4] [/6] <targetname>

Parameters

Parameter Description
/t Specifies ping continue sending echo Request messages to the destination until interrupted. To interrupt and display statistics, press CTRL+ENTER. To interrupt and quit this command, press CTRL+C.
/a Specifies reverse name resolution be performed on the destination IP address. If this is successful, ping displays the corresponding host name.
/n <count> Specifies the number of echo Request messages be sent. The default is 4.
/l <size> Specifies the length, in bytes, of the Data field in the echo Request messages. The default is 32. The maximum size is 65,527.
/f Specifies that echo Request messages are sent with the Do not Fragment flag in the IP header set to 1 (available on IPv4 only). The echo Request message can’t be fragmented by routers in the path to the destination. This parameter is useful for troubleshooting path Maximum Transmission Unit (PMTU) problems.
/I <TTL> Specifies the value of the Time To Live (TTL) field in the IP header for echo Request messages sent. The default is the default TTL value for the host. The maximum TTL is 255.
/v <TOS> Specifies the value of the Type Of Service (TOS) field in the IP header for echo Request messages sent (available on IPv4 only). The default is 0. TOS is specified as a decimal value from 0 through 255.
/r <count> Specifies the Record Route option in the IP header is used to record the path taken by the echo Request message and corresponding echo Reply message (available on IPv4 only). Each hop in the path uses an entry in the Record Route option. If possible, specify a count equal to or greater than the number of hops between the source and destination. The count must be a minimum of 1 and a maximum of 9.
/s <count> Specifies that the Internet timestamp option in the IP header is used to record the time of arrival for the echo Request message and corresponding echo Reply message for each hop. The count must be a minimum of 1 and a maximum of 4. This is required for link-local destination addresses.
/j <hostlist> Specifies the echo Request messages use the Loose Source Route option in the IP header with the set of intermediate destinations specified in hostlist (available on IPv4 only). With loose source routing, successive intermediate destinations can be separated by one or multiple routers. The maximum number of addresses or names in the host list is 9. The host list is a series of IP addresses (in dotted decimal notation) separated by spaces.
/k <hostlist> Specifies the echo Request messages use the Strict Source Route option in the IP header with the set of intermediate destinations specified in hostlist (available on IPv4 only). With strict source routing, the next intermediate destination must be directly reachable (it must be a neighbor on an interface of the router). The maximum number of addresses or names in the host list is 9. The host list is a series of IP addresses (in dotted decimal notation) separated by spaces.
/w <timeout> Specifies the amount of time, in milliseconds, to wait for the echo Reply message corresponding to a given echo Request message. If the echo Reply message is not received within the time-out, the “Request timed out” error message is displayed. The default time-out is 4000 (4 seconds).
/R Specifies the round-trip path is traced (available on IPv6 only).
/S <Srcaddr> Specifies the source address to use (available on IPv6 only).
/4 Specifies IPv4 used to ping. This parameter is not required to identify the target host with an IPv4 address. It is only required to identify the target host by name.
/6 Specifies IPv6 used to ping. This parameter is not required to identify the target host with an IPv6 address. It is only required to identify the target host by name.
<targetname> Specifies the host name or IP address of the destination.
/? Displays help at the command prompt.

Example of the ping command output

C:\>ping example.microsoft.com
    pinging example.microsoft.com [192.168.239.132] with 32 bytes of data:
    Reply from 192.168.239.132: bytes=32 time=101ms TTL=124
    Reply from 192.168.239.132: bytes=32 time=100ms TTL=124
    Reply from 192.168.239.132: bytes=32 time=120ms TTL=124
    Reply from 192.168.239.132: bytes=32 time=120ms TTL=124

Examples

To ping the destination 10.0.99.221 and resolve 10.0.99.221 to its host name, type:

ping /a 10.0.99.221

To ping the destination 10.0.99.221 with 10 echo Request messages, each of which has a Data field of 1000 bytes, type:

ping /n 10 /l 1000 10.0.99.221

To ping the destination 10.0.99.221 and record the route for 4 hops, type:

ping /r 4 10.0.99.221

To ping the destination 10.0.99.221 and specify the loose source route of 10.12.0.1-10.29.3.1-10.1.44.1, type:

ping /j 10.12.0.1 10.29.3.1 10.1.44.1 10.0.99.221

Additional References


MIT License. Copyright (c) 2020-2021 Strontic.