• Description: TCP/IP PathPing Command


Type Hash
MD5 A0387C7955DC95CE0DA914C38AB86555
SHA1 AC3B3651DE4C0D3E742A5FFAF2D59A11E3502C69
SHA256 9100040C100737451E395762AC7DCD9868DE26D57AC8CF540395FBEE2B4EA2CE
SHA384 52529BA38E84A8A98222FFC4302DE21A3F2E7204C731D0737DCFE8AB447270A220FDC74FDF2997EBCEFE3127E02AC644
SHA512 565C576E324904BAF964A1F90BAC9C37FF000D939085DD654A0C196F6A26B0C5BF90D4B4A8948B88F28ABB7B7F43218B63AF9100DD5AE095D9BA6FB8FE2B2DFD
SSDEEP 384:Ae/Wzv9fRkRN/Ri/xbx+3jDH+JAvfFmHL7KrSWWAWVO:hWblwNZiBwLwHL7K+q
IMP 6B5049D4B4EA566C182DDF4E5F2F0247
PESHA1 E9B4E91402D852D385AAF7981DE788EDB571E98A
PE256 ED1B0CC4FA44D37EF023624F5CACCA43E5689071A7B936CEE2C7D69CAE0A2951

Runtime Data

Usage (stdout):

--help is not a valid command option.

Usage: pathping [-g host-list] [-h maximum_hops] [-i address] [-n] 
                [-p period] [-q num_queries] [-w timeout] 
                [-4] [-6] target_name

    -g host-list     Loose source route along host-list.
    -h maximum_hops  Maximum number of hops to search for target.
    -i address       Use the specified source address. 
    -n               Do not resolve addresses to hostnames.
    -p period        Wait period milliseconds between pings.
    -q num_queries   Number of queries per hop.
    -w timeout       Wait timeout milliseconds for each reply.
    -4               Force using IPv4.
    -6               Force using IPv6.

Child Processes:


Open Handles:

Path Type
(RW-) C:\Windows File
(RW-) C:\Windows\SysWOW64 File
\BaseNamedObjects\C:*ProgramData*Microsoft*Windows*Caches*{6AF0698E-D558-4F6E-9B3C-3716689AF493}.2.ver0x0000000000000001.db Section
\BaseNamedObjects\C:*ProgramData*Microsoft*Windows*Caches*{DDF571F2-BE98-426D-8288-1A9A39C3FDA2}.2.ver0x0000000000000001.db Section
\BaseNamedObjects\C:*ProgramData*Microsoft*Windows*Caches* Section
\Sessions\2\BaseNamedObjects\NLS_CodePage_1252_3_2_0_0 Section
\Sessions\2\BaseNamedObjects\NLS_CodePage_437_3_2_0_0 Section

Loaded Modules:



  • Status: Signature verified.
  • Serial: 33000002ED2C45E4C145CF48440000000002ED
  • Thumbprint: 312860D2047EB81F8F58C29FF19ECDB4C634CF6A
  • Issuer: CN=Microsoft Windows Production PCA 2011, O=Microsoft Corporation, L=Redmond, S=Washington, C=US
  • Subject: CN=Microsoft Windows, O=Microsoft Corporation, L=Redmond, S=Washington, C=US

File Metadata

  • Original Filename: pathping.exe
  • Product Name: Microsoft Windows Operating System
  • Company Name: Microsoft Corporation
  • File Version: 10.0.22000.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800)
  • Product Version: 10.0.22000.1
  • Language: English (United States)
  • Legal Copyright: Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
  • Machine Type: 32-bit

File Scan

  • VirusTotal Detections: 0/73
  • VirusTotal Link:

Possible Misuse

The following table contains possible examples of PATHPING.EXE being misused. While PATHPING.EXE is not inherently malicious, its legitimate functionality can be abused for malicious purposes.

Source Source File Example License
sigma win_webshell_detection.yml - '\pathping.exe' DRL 1.0

Additional Info*

*The information below is copied from MicrosoftDocs, which is maintained by Microsoft. Available under CC BY 4.0 license.


Applies to: Windows Server 2022, Windows Server 2019, Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012

Provides information about network latency and network loss at intermediate hops between a source and destination. This command sends multiple echo Request messages to each router between a source and destination, over a period of time, and then computes results based on the packets returned from each router. Because this command displays the degree of packet loss at any given router or link, you can determine which routers or subnets might be having network problems. Used without parameters, this command displays help.

[!NOTE] This command is available only if the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) protocol is installed as a component in the properties of a network adapter in Network Connections.

Additionally, this command identifies which routers are on the path, same as using the tracert command. Howevever, this command also sends pings periodically to all of the routers over a specified time period and computes statistics based on the number returned from each.


pathping [/n] [/h <maximumhops>] [/g <hostlist>] [/p <Period>] [/q <numqueries> [/w <timeout>] [/i <IPaddress>] [/4 <IPv4>] [/6 <IPv6>][<targetname>]


Parameter Description
/n Prevents pathping from attempting to resolve the IP addresses of intermediate routers to their names. This might expedite the display of pathping results.
/h <maximumhops> Specifies the maximum number of hops in the path to search for the target (destination). The default is 30 hops.
/g <hostlist> Specifies that the echo Request messages use the Loose Source Route option in the IP header with the set of intermediate destinations specified in hostlist. With loose source routing, successive intermediate destinations can be separated by one or multiple routers. The maximum number of addresses or names in the host list is 9. The hostlist is a series of IP addresses (in dotted decimal notation) separated by spaces.
/p <period> Specifies the number of milliseconds to wait between consecutive pings. The default is 250 milliseconds (1/4 second). This parameter sends individual pings to each intermediate hop. Because of this, the interval between two pings sent to the same hop is period multiplied by the number of hops.
/q <numqueries> Specifies the number of echo Request messages sent to each router in the path. The default is 100 queries.
/w <timeout> Specifies the number of milliseconds to wait for each reply. The default is 3000 milliseconds (3 seconds). This parameter sends multiple pings in parallel. Because of this, the amount of time specified in the timeout parameter isn’t bounded by the amount of time specified in the period parameter for waiting between pings.
/i <IPaddress> Specifies the source address.
/4 <IPv4> Specifies that pathping uses IPv4 only.
/6 <IPv6> Specifies that pathping uses IPv6 only.
<targetname> Specifies the destination, which is identified either by IP address or host name.
/? Displays help at the command prompt.
  • All parameters are case-sensitive.

  • To avoid network congestion and to minimize the effects of burst losses, pings should be sent at a sufficiently slow pace.

Example of the pathping command output

D:\>pathping /n contoso1
Tracing route to contoso1 []
over a maximum of 30 hops:
computing statistics for 125 seconds...
            Source to Here   This Node/Link
Hop  RTT    Lost/Sent = Pct  Lost/Sent = Pct  address
                                0/ 100 =  0%   |
  1   41ms     0/ 100 =  0%     0/ 100 =  0%
                               13/ 100 = 13%   |
  2   22ms    16/ 100 = 16%     3/ 100 =  3%
                                0/ 100 =  0%   |
  3   24ms    13/ 100 = 13%     0/ 100 =  0%
                                0/ 100 =  0%   |
  4   21ms    14/ 100 = 14%     1/ 100 =  1%
                                0/ 100 =  0%   |
  5   24ms    13/ 100 = 13%     0/ 100 =  0%
Trace complete.

When pathping is run, the first results list the path. Next, a busy message is displayed for approximately 90 seconds (the time varies by hop count). During this time, information is gathered from all routers previously listed and from the links between them. At the end of this period, the test results are displayed.

In the above sample report, the This Node/Link, Lost/Sent = Pct and address columns show that the link between and is dropping 13% of the packets. The routers at hops 2 and 4 are also dropping packets addressed to them, but this loss doesn’t affect their ability to forward traffic that isn’t addressed to them.

The loss rates displayed for the links, identified as a vertical bar (** ) in the **address column, indicate link congestion that is causing the loss of packets that are being forwarded on the path. The loss rates displayed for routers (identified by their IP addresses) indicate that these routers might be overloaded.

Additional References

MIT License. Copyright (c) 2020-2021 Strontic.