- File Path:
- Description: TCP/IP Arp Command
Displays and modifies the IP-to-Physical address translation tables used by address resolution protocol (ARP). ARP -s inet_addr eth_addr [if_addr] ARP -d inet_addr [if_addr] ARP -a [inet_addr] [-N if_addr] [-v] -a Displays current ARP entries by interrogating the current protocol data. If inet_addr is specified, the IP and Physical addresses for only the specified computer are displayed. If more than one network interface uses ARP, entries for each ARP table are displayed. -g Same as -a. -v Displays current ARP entries in verbose mode. All invalid entries and entries on the loop-back interface will be shown. inet_addr Specifies an internet address. -N if_addr Displays the ARP entries for the network interface specified by if_addr. -d Deletes the host specified by inet_addr. inet_addr may be wildcarded with * to delete all hosts. -s Adds the host and associates the Internet address inet_addr with the Physical address eth_addr. The Physical address is given as 6 hexadecimal bytes separated by hyphens. The entry is permanent. eth_addr Specifies a physical address. if_addr If present, this specifies the Internet address of the interface whose address translation table should be modified. If not present, the first applicable interface will be used. Example: > arp -s 18.104.22.168 00-aa-00-62-c6-09 .... Adds a static entry. > arp -a .... Displays the arp table.
- Status: Signature verified.
- Issuer: CN=Microsoft Windows Production PCA 2011, O=Microsoft Corporation, L=Redmond, S=Washington, C=US
- Subject: CN=Microsoft Windows, O=Microsoft Corporation, L=Redmond, S=Washington, C=US
- Original Filename: arp.exe.mui
- Product Name: Microsoft Windows Operating System
- Company Name: Microsoft Corporation
- File Version: 10.0.22000.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800)
- Product Version: 10.0.22000.1
- Language: English (United States)
- Legal Copyright: Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
- Machine Type: 64-bit
- VirusTotal Detections: 0/74
- VirusTotal Link: https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/c9d31c0ad9959134c37139a106ef90d2ff492214fc583cff6f4239ca8d80cd19/detection
The following table contains possible examples of
ARP.EXE being misused. While
ARP.EXE is not inherently malicious, its legitimate functionality can be abused for malicious purposes.
Applies to: Windows Server 2022, Windows Server 2019, Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012
Displays and modifies entries in the Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) cache. The ARP cache contains one or more tables that are used to store IP addresses and their resolved Ethernet or Token Ring physical addresses. There is a separate table for each Ethernet or Token Ring network adapter installed on your computer. Used without parameters, arp displays help information.
arp [/a [<inetaddr>] [/n <ifaceaddr>]] [/g [<inetaddr>] [-n <ifaceaddr>]] [/d <inetaddr> [<ifaceaddr>]] [/s <inetaddr> <etheraddr> [<ifaceaddr>]]
||Displays current arp cache tables for all interfaces. The /n parameter is case-sensitive. To display the arp cache entry for a specific IP address, use arp /a with the inetaddr parameter, where inetaddr is an IP address. If inetaddr is not specified, the first applicable interface is used. To display the arp cache table for a specific interface, use the /n ifaceaddr parameter in conjunction with the /a parameter where inetaddr is the IP address assigned to the interface.|
||Identical to /a.|
||Deletes an entry with a specific IP address, where inetaddr is the IP address. To delete an entry in a table for a specific interface, use the ifaceaddr parameter where ifaceaddr is the IP address assigned to the interface. To delete all entries, use the asterisk (*) wildcard character in place of inetaddr.|
||Adds a static entry to the arp cache that resolves the IP address inetaddr to the physical address etheraddr. To add a static arp cache entry to the table for a specific interface, use the ifaceaddr parameter where ifaceaddr is an IP address assigned to the interface.|
|/?||Displays help at the command prompt.|
The IP addresses for inetaddr and ifaceaddr are expressed in dotted decimal notation.
The physical address for etheraddr consists of six bytes expressed in hexadecimal notation and separated by hyphens (for example, 00-AA-00-4F-2A-9C).
Entries added with the /s parameter are static and do not time out of the arp cache. The entries are removed if the TCP/IP protocol is stopped and started. To create permanent static arp cache entries, place the appropriate arp commands in a batch file and use Scheduled Tasks to run the batch file at startup.
To display the arp cache tables for all interfaces, type:
To display the arp cache table for the interface that is assigned the IP address 10.0.0.99, type:
arp /a /n 10.0.0.99
To add a static arp cache entry that resolves the IP address 10.0.0.80 to the physical address 00-AA-00-4F-2A-9C, type:
arp /s 10.0.0.80 00-AA-00-4F-2A-9C
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